Eukaryotic

Eukaryote is a group that has cells with membrane surrounded compartments including the nucleus, and organelles such as mitochondria, chloroplasts and others. Animals, plants, fungi and protozoa is an example of the eukaryotes.

The human genome is a good model for eukaryotic genomes. Nucleate eukaryotic genomes have linear DNA molecules contained in the chromosomes. All eukaryotic genomes also have a smaller circular is the mitochondrial genome. In plants, there are other genomes of the chloroplast genome.


Genome size varies and is associated with the complex organism. Simpler eukaryotes such as fungi have the smallest genome, and higher eukaryotes such as vertebrates and flowering plants have larger genomes. This may seem reasonable, given the complexity of organisms associated with the number of genes in the genome.

Eukaryotic cells a 10-fold from prokaryotes and its volume can be 1000 times greater. Eukaryotic cells contain membrane space where certain metabolic activities take place in it. Within Cells contained Eukaryote cell nucleus, a membrane which is the room where the DNA resides.

Eukaryotic DNA is arranged in one or more linear molecules, called chromosomes, which are connected with the histone proteins. All chromosomal DNA is stored in the cell nucleus. Separated from the cytoplasm and separated by a membrane.

Source from: Wikipedia

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